Digital Audio Archiving Tools/Resources


Keeping Personal Digital Audio (Library of Congress)

A 1-page brochure of archiving tips for digital audio files.


Archiving Digital Audio (15:06) (Library of Congress)

On May 10, 2010, the Library of Congress held Personal Archiving Day in conjunction with the American Library Association’s annual Preservation Week. […] In this video, Peter Alyea, digital conservation specialist, Preservation Reformatting in the Library of Congress’s Music, Broadcasting and Recorded Sound division, offers practical advice on archiving digital audio.


Caring for CDs and DVDs (British Library’s National Preservation Office)

This 18-page online booklet (PDF) addresses a number of detailed questions such as care of physical materials (including optimal conditions in terms of light, temperature, humidity, etc.), but also describes steps to take to counter concerns related to the obsolescence of the materials, including migration.


Electronic Media (Government of Canada)

Although these resources are written with an audience of information professionals in mind, the content and advice is relevant to anyone wishing to maintain physical objects such as CDs and DVDs.

This website contains a wealth of information, including basic care instructions for physical media, a comprehensive set of questions-and-answers in their FAQs, notes from the Canadian Conservation Institute, and a number of technical bulletins and additional resources, some of which are included as separate entries on this page or throughout this annotated bibliography. A treasure trove of information!

Sound Recordings (National Library of New Zealand)

Focuses especially on digital recordings on physical media like CDs and DVDs, as well as some discussion of tapes and LPs.


Iraci, J. (2005). Remedies for deteriorated or damaged modern information carriers. Ottawa, ON: Canadian Conservation Institute (Technical Bulletin No. 27). Retrieved from

Modem information carriers encompass optical discs (CDs and DVDs) and magnetic media such as tapes (audio, video, computer) and disks. These carriers differ from traditional materials in that the information they contain cannot be viewed directly, it can only be accessed by playing the carriers on a machine. And for the carriers to play properly, they must be in relatively good condition. This Technical Bulletin discusses the myriad types of damage that can occur to modem information carriers due to age deterioration, poor storage conditions, or poor handling practices, and presents various remedies to restore these carriers to a playable condition.


Iraci, J. (2002). Disaster Recovery of Modern Information Carriers: Compact Discs, Magnetic Tapes and Magnetic Disks. Ottawa, ON: Canadian Conservation Institute (Technical Bulletin No. 25). Retrieved from:

This bulletin summarizes some procedures for the disaster recovery of modern information carriers such as CDs, magnetic diskettes, and magnetic tapes following immersion in tap water, seawater, and dirty water. Procedures are also given for dealing with media that have hard-to-remove deposits on them or have been exposed to heat, dust/dirt, mould, and shock. These procedures are a compilation of information from the few case histories published, recommendations made by experts in the field, and research performed at the Canadian Conservation Institute. The information in this bulletin represents one piece of a comprehensive disaster plan; for disasters to be handled effectively, other key elements such as those dealing with disaster preparedness also need to be in place.